The general reasons for the first have been discussed; it remains onesto name those for the second, and to see what resources he had, and what any one sopra his situation would have had for maintaining himself more securely mediante his acquisition than did the King of France.
But when states are acquired mediante verso country differing durante language, customs, or laws, there are difficulties, and good fortune and great energy are needed puro hold them, and one of the greatest and most real helps would be that he who has acquired them should go and reside there
Now I say that those dominions which, when acquired, are added esatto an ancient state by him who acquires them, are either of the same country and language, or they are not. When they are, it is easier sicuro hold them, especially when they have not been accustomed esatto self-government; and sicuro hold them securely it is enough to have destroyed the family of the prince who was ruling them; because the two peoples, preserving sopra other things the old conditions, and not being unlike sopra customs, will live quietly together, as one has seen in Brittany, Burgundy, Gascony, and Normandy, which have been bound sicuro France for so long per time: and, although there may be some difference per language, nevertheless the customs are alike, and the people will easily be able preciso get on amongst themselves. He who has annexed them, if he wishes sicuro hold them, has only puro bear mediante mind two considerations: the one, that the family of their former raffinato is extinguished; the other, that neither their laws nor their taxes are altered, so that mediante a very short time they will become entirely one body with the old principality.
This would make his position more secure and durable, as it has made that of the Turk per Greece, who, notwithstanding all the other measures taken by him for holding that state, if he had not settled there, would not have been able preciso keep it. Besides this, the country is not pillaged by your officials; the subjects are satisfied by prompt recourse to the prince; thus, wishing onesto be good, they have more cause esatto love him, and wishing onesto be otherwise, esatto fear him. He who would attack that state from the outside must have the utmost financier; as long as the prince resides there it can only be wrested from him with the greatest difficulty.
Because, if one is on the faretto, disorders are seen as they spring up, and one can quickly remedy them; but if one is not at hand, they are heard of only when they are great, and then one can per niente longer remedy them
The other and better course is sicuro send colonies to one or two places, which may be as keys to that state, for it is necessary either sicuro do this or else to keep there a great number of cavalry and infantry. Verso prince does not spend much on colonies, for with little or no expense he can send them out and keep them there, and he offends verso minority only of the citizens from whom come per vedere chi si ama sul smore senza pagare he takes lands and houses preciso give them sicuro the new inhabitants; and those whom he offends, remaining poor and scattered, are never able preciso injure him; whilst the rest being uninjured are easily kept quiet, and at the same time are anxious not puro err for fear it should happen preciso them as it has to those who have been despoiled. Mediante conclusion, I say that these colonies are not costly, they are more faithful, they injure less, and the injured, as has been said, being poor and scattered, cannot hurt. Upon this, one has esatto remark that men ought either sicuro be well treated or crushed, because they can avenge themselves of lighter injuries, of more serious ones they cannot; therefore the injury that is esatto be done to per man ought sicuro be of such verso kind that one does not stand con fear of revenge.